Mathematical analyses had been did to compare informative shows one of several studying style organizations and you will attempt the necessity of pairwise distinctions

Mathematical studies

All data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Science software (IBM Corporation, version 20.0 for Windows). Descriptive statistics were summarized as frequencies and percentages for categorical variables. Continuous variables were presented as mean and standard deviation when normally distributed and as median and interquartile range when not normally distributed. Mann-Whitney U test was used for between-group analyses of abnormally distributed variables. The variables were investigated using visual (histograms, probability plots) and analytical methods (Kolmogorov-Smirnov/Shapiro-Wilk test) to determine whether they showed normal distribution. As parameters were not normally distributed, the correlation coefficients and their significance were calculated using Spearman test. Strength of correlation was defined as very weak for r values between 0.00–0.19, weak for r values between 0.20–0.39, moderate for r values between 0.40–0.69, strong for r values between 0.70–0.89, and very strong for r values over 0.90 . As the academic performance was not normally distributed, the Kruskal-Wallis test was conducted to compare this parameter among the six learning style groups. The Mann-Whitney U Test was performed to test the significance of pairwise differences using Bonferroni correction to adjust for multiple comparisons. An overall 5% type-I error level was used to infer statistical significance (p < 0.05).


A total of 217 physiotherapy students were greet to participate the research. To try to get children refused to take part. Fifteen studies was thrown away because of forgotten goods solutions. Consequently, study extracted from 184 pupils were used into analyses. Full effect rates is actually 84.8%.

Market attributes (sex, year) and studying concept choices try exhibited for the Desk 4. Typically the most popular understanding looks one of many physiotherapy people considering brand new GRLSS was basically Collaborative (34.8%) and Independent (22.3%). The results from GRLSS subscale score got when you look at the Desk 5. The highest subscale rating is actually Collective (Suggest ± SD = 3.57 ± 0.62), if you’re Competitive rating is actually a minimal (Suggest ± SD = 2.81 ± 0.69).

A moderate positive correlation between academic performance and Participant score was found (p < 0.001, r = 0.400). A weak negative correlation was also found between academic performance and Avoidant score (p < 0.001, r = ? 0.317). No other significant correlation between academic performance and subscale scores was found (Table 6).

When students were grouped according to learning styles, between-group (Kruskal-Wallis) analysis showed a significant difference in the academic performance of the groups (p < 0.001). Post-hoc (Mann-Whitney U) analysis revealed significantly higher academic performance in the Participant learning style group compared to all of the other learning style groups (Independent, Avoidant, Collaborative, Dependent, and Competitive) (Table 7).


The present day data examined the training types of Turkish physiotherapy pupils, and you can investigated the partnership ranging from the training appearances and you can academic show. The outcomes indicated that the latest Collective discovering concept is actually most typical one of the Turkish physiotherapy college students. However, people having Participant studying design got statistically higher educational performance whenever compared to the someone else. While doing so, we located an optimistic correlation between New member get and you will academic abilities of children, and that helps the last selecting, if you’re a poor correlation was receive anywhere between Avoidant score and you will academic show. Regarding physiotherapy people within data, this new emphasis will be with the developing New member and Collaborative discovering event. This may cover getting significantly more class factors, talks, and you may group ideas.

The new physiotherapy program during the DEU possess a combined example-oriented and you can old-style curriculum as well as lectures, lessons, seminars, research study demonstrations, and tracked small percentage health-related behavior about hospital and also at most other health centers. Reading tasks and you can analysis steps become individual written examinations, practical assessments, homework and you may assignments in addition to collective dental speech and lookup systems. On physiotherapy discipline, systematic routine enhances students’ work-related enjoy and that’s recognized as a good extremely important area of the practise techniques [12, 27]. Furthermore, the fresh new exercises and you will training strategy within DEU is heavily considering practical degree and needs active involvement and you may category performs. This is often a reason for the greater amount of preference to possess Collective learning design.

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